In 1983 Mercedes Benz introduced the 190 series car.  After more than a decade of watching BMW carve out a small sport sedan market segment, Mercedes responded.  The BMW 2002 and the later 320i were the definition of what the market sought.  Mercedes responded with a vault solid chassis and a unique multi-link rear suspension powered by an overhead cam in-line four cylinder putting out 125hp from 2.3 liters.  Mercedes needed a new image to appeal to the younger buyers in the market intended for the car.  The Board of Directors approved a racing program for the first time since 1957.  Cosworth Engineering in the UK is best known for its winning “Indy 500” engines.  Their expertise in four-valve technology expedited Mercedes product entry. Limited quantities of production 190E 2.3-16 cars were built to legalize the car for competition.

Endurance Records were set in August of 1983 at Nardo, Italy’s 12.6- km oval.  A team of drivers and crew fielded three identical 190E 2.3-16’s, which covered 50,000 km in 201 hours. Including fuel and maintenance stops the cars averaged 154mph.  The engines literally ran at 6,000 rpm for eight days around the clock.

Sedan Series Racing is Europe’s equivalent to NASCAR.  Mercedes successfully teamed up with AMG and other aftermarket sources to create a competition 190 Sedan.  Aarton Senna, Alan Probst, and other up-start F-1 drivers were employed.  Senna, often considered the most talented driver in history, took the series championship in 1983 at the wheel of a 190E 2.3-16.

The Factory/Aftermarket Consortium integrated engineering from some of the world’s leaders worked with the factory engineers in the creation and execution of the car.  During its three-year run about 2,000 were imported into the USA.  During this same period over 120,000 regular 190’s were imported.  The success of this model helped lead to today's limited edition AMG/Mercedes models.

Factory Specifications:

  • 2.3 Liter Four cylinder sixteen-valve “twin-cam” engine- 167 hp, rev limited to 6,800 rpm

  • Five speed close ratio transmission.  (1:1 in 5th gear)

  • Hydra-Pneumatic rear suspension- from the station wagon 300.

  • Leather Sport Seats- front and rear (unique rear contoured bench).

  • ABS Disc Brakes all around- from the 300E

  • Aerodynamic body moldings from AMG tooling- Painted on factory line.

  • Tuned exhaust header system, tapered tubes, low restriction

  • Limited Slip rear axle with 3.64:1 ratio.

Car and Driver magazine was one of several magazines, which tested the sixteen when it was contemporary.  Their aggressive testing style resulted in ¼ mile in 15.6 seconds at 92 mph.  They observed a top end of 142.  These numbers were paled by the European versions, which packed an additional 30 hp and higher gearing to achieve 160+ mph on the autobahns.  Road & Track loved the car but could not justify its $17,000 premium over the base $21,000 190E.  At $38,100, it actually cost more than a base 300E, which was a lot of car and more appealing to the masses.

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